Article X, Section 4 (a) of the Florida Constitution provides for a certain exemption of a homestead to the extent of 160 acres of contiguous land and improvements thereon and to the extent of 1/2 acre of contiguous land in a municipality. This homestead is exempt from forced sale and and no judgment shall be a lien thereon, except for the payment of taxes, assessments, and obligations for the improvement or repair thereof.
A homestead is only allowable to a natural person. Prior to the 1984 revision of the Florida Constitution, this exemption could only be claimed by a head of a family or household.
In order to claim the homestead exemption, a natural person must be a resident of Florida. Generally, nonimmigrant aliens who do have permanent resident visa are not able to claim this exemption as they are legally unable to form the intent to permanently reside in Florida.